Government regulations such as these are aimed at preventing and controlling gambling addiction. Limiting punters' betting possibilities is one method to do this. It's a different story whether or not such approaches are effective. Following the passage of the Payment Act in 2010, the Norwegian Gaming Board carried out a poll to see if the number of people suffering from gambling addiction has decreased.
It found out that the figure had risen to a little over 2%. In 2007, a similar study was performed, although the percentage was smaller, just about 1.5%. The administration of the country has devised a strategy to restrict overseas bookmakers' IP addresses. By restricting punters' online access to international sportsbooks, the idea was to make regulations easier.
According to the Norwegian Lottery Act, a corporation can only provide a lottery within the country if it has a special state license. Furthermore, such a license can only be granted to organizations with a humanitarian or socially beneficial mission.
In 1927, the Totalizator Act was passed. Its main goal was to make horse racing betting legal in the country. Norsk Rikstoto, a state-owned organization, was given the authority to supervise and execute horse racing wagering across the country.
Norsk Rikstoto, which literally translates to "Norwegian National Tote," is in charge of all parimutuel betting on animal races in Norway. In Norway, equine racing is the only type of racing permitted. This means that only trotting and gallop races are available for wagering.
In 1992, the so-called Gaming Act went into effect. Norsk Tipping was formally authorized to take over sports betting, national lotteries, and all other kinds of gambling, establishing yet another monopoly. It's worth noting that Norsk Tipping has been around since 1948, but it was only responsible for soccer pools at the time because that was the only type of sports betting available in the country.
When the corporation was taken over by the government in 1992, it was given a license to provide internet poker games to Norwegians.